Author: Robert Caldwell

Dr. Caldwell is an Associate Professor of Church History and teaches in the School of Theology. He is married to Lisa and has two daughters. Twitter: @rwcaldwell3

The Power of Evangelistic Questioning – George Whitefield

George Whitefield (1714-1770) was arguably the greatest preacher of the 18th century. Converted as a university student at Oxford, the young convert devoted himself to knowing God by committing himself to intense spiritual discipline and Christian service with... Read More »

The Assemblies of God & the Worldwide Growth of Pentecostalism

Who are the Assemblies of God? Internationally, the Assemblies of God (AG) is the largest grouping of denominations originating from Pentecostalism with roughly 65 million members worldwide. The Assemblies of God USA, which helped inspire the rise of the AG de... Read More »

Mormonism: Joseph Smith Jr. and the False Teachings of the Latter-day Saints

In recent years “Mormonism,” or The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, has enjoyed increased visibility in American culture, especially since the presidential candidacy of Mitt Romney in 2012. Who are they, and what do they teach?... Read More »

Seventh-day Adventists: Saturday Worshippers Awaiting Christ’s Immanent Return

Did you have cereal for breakfast this morning? If you did, then you need to thank the Seventh-day Adventists. Their teachings led to the invention of corn flakes and, subsequently, to a revolution in what Americans eat for breakfast.... Read More »

The Restoration Movement: Christians and Disciples in Pursuit of the New Testament Church

We begin the second part of our series on American Denominationalism by examining those denominations that originated in the United States.... Read More »

Methodism: John Wesley’s Plan to Bring Christ’s Holiness to the World

What is Methodism? Methodism is a Protestant denomination that emerged within Anglicanism during the 1700s that sought to inspire a deep evangelical ethos within the Church of England. Because they originally were methodical and highly disciplined in their app... Read More »

Congregationalism: Self-Governing Churches “Gathered” Under Christ’s Rule

What is Congregationalism? In church history, the term Congregationalism refers to that form of ecclesiastical polity (or church governance) that envisions the spiritual authority of the church to reside in the local congregation. According to Congregationalis... Read More »

Presbyterianism: Carrying the Torch of “Reformed” Ecclesiology and Theology

Last month when we examined Anglicanism, we noted that the denomination’s uniqueness originated in the way its founders sought to unite the best of Protestantism and Catholicism. They sought, in other words, a middle way between “Geneva” and “Rome.... Read More »

Denominational Diversity in North America: Why Are There So Many Denominations?

Two hundred years ago frontier revivalist Barton Stone was fed up with Presbyterianism. He found the denomination too theological, too elitist, and out of touch with the common frontier folk he ministered to in southern Kentucky. His biggest problem was that h... Read More »